Personal info

  • Name: Albert Edward CHOWNE
  • D.O.B: 19th Jul, 1920
  • D.O.A: 24th Mar, 1945
  • Award: Empire Gallantry Medal translated to George Cross
  • Occupation at time of action: Lieutenant, 2/2nd Battalioni (NSW), 16th Brigade, 6th Division, 2nd Imperial Force
  • Book: The Complete History - Volume 3
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Sources & Acknowledgements

Near Dagua, New Guinea, 25th March 1945

25 March 1945

More details about:
The Second World War 1945 

In the early months of 1945 Australian forces advancing from Aitape were driving the Japanese east along the northern coast of New Guinea towards Wewak (see E Kenna VC below). Towards the end of March they had reached Dagua. The Japanese retreated into the hills. Lieutenant A E Chowne distinguished himself in fighting at Point 1410 south-west of Dagua. He was killed on 25 March 1945 leading an advance along a ridge south-east from there towards the Wonginara Mission.


 For most conspicuous bravery, brilliant leadership and devotion to duty during an attack on an enemy position on a narrow ridge near Dagua, New Guinea, on 25th March, 1945. After the capture of Dagua, the main enemy force withdrew southwards from the beach to previously prepared positions on the flank of the Division. Further movement towards Wewak was impossible while this threat to the flank existed and the Battalion was ordered to destroy the enemy force. ‘A’ Company, after making contact with the enemy on a narrow ridge, was ordered to attack the position. The leading Platoon in the attack came under heavy fire from concealed enemy machine guns sited on a small rise dominating the approach. In the initial approach one member of this Platoon was killed and nine wounded, including the Platoon Commander, and the enemy continued to inflict casualties on our troops. Without awaiting orders, Lieutenant Chowne, whose Platoon was in reserve, instantly appreciated the plight of the leading Platoon and rushed the enemy’s position. Running up a steep, narrow track, he hurled grenades which knocked out two enemy Light Machine Guns. Then, calling on his men to follow him and firing his sub-machine gun from the hip, he charged the enemy’s position. Although he sustained two serious wounds in the chest, the impetus of his charge carried him 50 yards forward under the most intense machine gun and rifle fire. Lieutenant Chowne accounted for two more Japanese before he was killed standing over three foxholes occupied by the enemy. The superb heroism and self-sacrifice of this officer, culminating in his death, resulted in the capture of this strongly-held enemy position, ensured the further immediate success of his Company in this area and paved the way directly for the continuance of the Division’s advance to Wewak. 

(Supplement to The London Gazette of 4 September 1945. 6 September 1945, Numb. 37253, p. 4467)

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