- Name: James UPTON
- D.O.B: 3rd May, 1888
- D.O.A: 9th May, 1915
- D.O.D: 10th August, 1949
- Award: Victoria Cross
- Occupation at time of action: Corporal, 1st Battalion The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), 24th Brigade, 8th Division
Aubers Ridge, France 9 May 1915
9 May 1915
The First World War 1915
The British had failed to capture the Aubers Ridge, south-west of Armentières, during the Battle of Neuve Chapelle 10-12 March 1915. On 9 May 1915, to support General Joffre’s offensive at Vimy Ridge to the south in the Second Battle of Artois, a second attempt was made to secure a foothold on the Ridge. The plan was to breach the German line by attacking it along the Rue du Bois just to the south-west of Neuve Chapelle and at Rouges Bancs, between Pétillon and Fromelles, about three miles to the north-east. However, the Germans had reinforced their line since March and the preliminary artillery bombardment failed to make much impression on the enemy defences. In the southern sector the initial British attack at 5.40am failed and a second, launched at 7am was equally unsuccessful. A further attack was therefore ordered for 12.40pm but was postponed until 4pm. During this final assault, A Company, 1st Battalion Black Watch, of which Private J Ripley was a member, crossed 300 yards of no man’s land. Ripley found a gap in the wire and was the first man of the battalion to climb the German parapet. He then led his section on to a second line of trenches. However, with nearly all his companions killed and he himself hit by a bullet which entered near his left eye and exited near his left ear, he had to make his way back to the British line. Closer to Neuve Chapelle, the men of 2nd Battalion Black Watch were mown down by machine-gun fire after covering less than 30 yards. Lance-Corporal D Finlay was knocked unconscious by a shell burst but, recovering, led a bombing party of 12 men in an attack on the German trenches. Eventually he ordered the two survivors to crawl back, while he rescued a wounded man. In the northern sector around Rouges Bancs, the British fared little better. Two Companies of the Sherwood Foresters suffered heavy casualties in the initial assault and A and C Companies took part in the second attack. During this stage of the battle Corporal J Upton rescued a number of wounded men while under heavy fire. Despite being stunned by an exploding shell he remained in front of the Allied parapet until 10pm tending to the injured. Meanwhile, men of C and D Companies, Second Battalion The Lincolnshire Regiment were ordered by the brigade commander, Brigadier General A W G Lowry Cole to cross no man’s land by a newly dug sap to a mine crater and work along the German front line towards the Rifle Brigade. Corporal C R Sharpe succeeded in capturing a portion of German trench and with four of his men held it for the rest of the day by which time it was recognized that the German defences were too strong for further attacks to succeed. The second attempt to secure a foothold on Aubers Ridge had proved a costly failure for the British, who had suffered 11,500 casualties.
For most conspicuous bravery near Rouges Bancs on 9th May, 1915. During the whole of this day Corporal Upton displayed the greatest courage in rescuing the wounded whilst exposed to very heavy rifle and artillery fire, going close to the enemy’s parapet regardless of his own personal safety. One wounded man was killed by a shell whilst this Non-commissioned Officer was carrying him. When Corporal Upton was not actually carrying in the wounded he was engaged in bandaging and dressing the serious cases in front of our parapet, exposed to the enemy’s fire.