- Name: John Alexander SINTON
- D.O.B: 2nd Dec, 1884
- D.O.A: 21st Jan, 1916
- D.O.D: 25th Mar, 1956
- Award: Victoria Cross
- Occupation at time of action: Captain, Indian Medical Service, attached to 37th Dogra Regiment, 35th Brigade, 7th Meerut Division, Indian Army
- Book: The Complete History - Volume 2
Shaikh Sa-’ad, Mesopotamia 8 January 1916; The Wadi, Mesopotamia 13 January 1916; Hanna, Mesopotamia 21 January 1916
8-21 January 1916
The First World War Mesopotamia 1915-1918
After the capture of Kut-el-Amara in September 1915 the British had attempted to advance on Baghdad. However, the Turks halted them at the Battle of Ctesiphon in November. The British withdrawal to the position already established at Kut-el-Amara was completed on 3 December and the Turkish counter-offensive was launched three days later. Not only was Kut threatened but the Turks also attacked the British lines of communication. Between 6 and 9 January 1916 British reinforcements from Ali Gharbi, moving to relieve Kut, attacked and occupied the Turkish position at Shaikh Sa-’ad astride the Tigris. On the 13th, further to the west, after heavy fighting they forced the Turks to retreat from their positions along the Wadi (see Chatta Singh VC below), which flowed into the Tigris from the north below Hanna. On the 21st they attacked the Turkish lines on the north bank of the Tigris at Hanna itself and here they were repulsed. The preliminary artillery bombardment had made little impression on the barbed wire faced by 35th Brigade, which suffered particularly heavy casualties as a consequence.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. Although shot through both arms and
through the side, he refused to go to the hospital, and remained, as long as daylight lasted,
attending to his duties under very heavy fire.
In three previous actions Capt. Sinton displayed the utmost bravery.
(His VC actions were on 8, 13 and 21 January 1916 and the Citation should more correctly have referred to two previous actions only. He was Medical Officer to the 37th Dogras who had only arrived in Mesopotamia in December 1915.)